Survei Arkeologis di Kawasan Halmahera Bagian Tengah

Marlon NR Ririmasse


Abstract


Halmahera is one main island in the northeast region of Wallacea. Having a uniquely environmental profile, Halmahera also serves as a home for a long cultural historical process of this region. Including for archaeological studies. Numbers of preliminary studies have been conducted to understand the dynamic of region’s culture in the past. Unfortunately, the quantity and the depth of these studies have not equivalent to the colossal potential of Halmahera’s culture history. This research is a part of the efforts to contribute in completing our knowledge on the dynamics of culture history in Halmahera. Focus of this research is to identify the archaeological potential in the geographic area of Central Halmahera. The opening of the large scale nickel mines in this region which is potentially threaten the preservation of the cultural heritage is the main consideration in chosing the research locus. Prelimenary survey has been adopted as an approach in this research. This study found that the region of Central Halmahera is a high potentially area for archaeological research according to the large coverage of the karst area in this region. Rescue and preservation action of sites in the mining area is absolutely necessary in order to maintaining the existence of all cultural heritage in the region.


Halmahera merupakan salah satu daratan utama di timur laut kawasan Wallasea. Tidak hanya memiliki profil lingkungan yang khas, Halmahera juga merupakan rumah bagi proses panjang sejarah budaya kawasan. Termasuk bagi studi arkeologis. Berbagai kajian awal telah dilakukan untuk memahami dinamika budaya masa lalu di wilayah ini. Meski demikian kuantitas dan kedalamannya kiranya belum berbanding lurus dengan potensi raya sejarah budaya Halmahera sebagai sebuah kawasan. Kajian ini merupakan bagian dari upaya dalam berkontribusi melengkapi pengetahuan terkait dinamika sejarah budaya di wilayah Halmahera. Fokus penelitian diarahkan untuk menemukan segenap potensi arkeologis dalam lingkup geografis Halmahera Bagian Tengah. Pembukaan tambang nikel berskala besar di wilayah ini yang mengancam kelestarian warisan budaya menjadi salah satu pertimbangan utama dalam penentuan lokus. Survei penjajakan diadopsi sebagai metode dalam kajian ini. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa wilayah Halmahera Tengah memiliki potensi tinggi secara arkeologis mengacu pada bentang luas kawasan karst yang potensial sebagai hunian masa lalu dan segenap jejak tradisi yang masih melekat dalam keseharian masyarakat. Tindakan penyelamatan dan pelestarian atas situs-situs dalam pertambangan nikel mutlak diperlukan untuk menjaga eksistensi segenap warisan budaya dalam kawasan.


http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/kapata.v9i1.196

Keywords


Arkeologi, Halmahera Tengah, Kawasan Karst

   

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