Arkeologi Pulau Kobror Kepulauan Aru

Marlon NR Ririmasse


Abstract


The Aru islands is one of the key regions in the cultural historical study of Southeast Asia and Australia. This major role is represented at least by two aspects: firstly, the paleogeographical character of the Aru Islands as an extension of Sahul land that included New Guinea and Australia and secondly the role as a resource regio for exotic commodities such as pearl and bird of paradise. With this specific profile, Aru islands is potential to be studied archaeologically. Few archaeological studies had been initiated over last decade but still not balance with the colossal profile of regoin’s cultural history. This study tries to contribute in improving such condition by focusing on the archeological potential in the kobror island. As an initial study, this research has adopted the reconnaissance survey as a key method to collect data. Referential study also has been adapted to reconigze the historical background of the region. This study found that two major aspects : firstly, the prehistotic character of the archaeological profile of the region as represented by the presence of a rock art sites and secondly, living tradition as reflected by the representation of cave burial that associated with the application of boat as a symbol and traditional religion.


Kepulauan Aru adalah salah satu kawasan terpenting dalam studi sejarah budaya di Asia Tenggara dan Australia. Peran penting ini setidaknya diwakili oleh dua aspek: pertama, karakter paleogeografi Kepulauan Aru yang merupakan bagian dari perluasan daratan besar Sahul yang mencakup juga Papua dan Australia serta kedua, peran khas wilayah ini sebagai salah satu kawasan sumber komoditi eksotik seperti mutiara dan bulu burung cendrawasih. Dengan profil yang sedemikian kepulauan ini sejatinya memiliki potensi arkeologis yang cukup raya untuk dikaji. Beberapa penelitian arkeologis pada tahap mula memang telah dilaksanakan. Namun dirasa belum berbanding lurus dengan luasnya cakupan sejarah budaya wilayah ini. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk mengisi ruang dimaksud dengan memberi perhatian pada tinjauan atas potensi arkeologis yang ada di Pulau Kobror Kepulauan Aru. Sebagai sebuah kajian yang bersifat inisiasi, pendekatan yang digunakan adalah survei penjajakan guna merekam segenap data arkeologis yang ada di wilayah Kobror. Kajian pustaka juga dilakukan untuk menemukan kerangka historis wilayah kajian. Hasil penelitian menemukan aspek penting dalam tinjauan sejarah budaya di Kepulauan Aru: pertama adalah jejak budaya prasejarah yang teramati lewat situs lukisan cadas dan kedua, ragam tradisi berlanjut sebagaimana terekam dalam situs penguburan kuno yang tekait dengan aplikasi perahu sebagai simbol dan religi tradisional.



http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/kapata.v9i2.204

Keywords


Arkeologi, Pulau Kobror, Seni Cadas.

   

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