Sebelum Jalur Rempah: Awal Interaksi Niaga Lintas Batas di Maluku dalam Perspektif Arkeologi

Marlon NR Ririmasse


Abstract


Spice Route has become one of the main issues in the cultural historical studies of Indonesia recently. The discussion is still attached to effort to understand the existence of spice route as the part of the extensive trade system that have been initiated by the history of contact and interaction with the traveler from Western Asia; China; and the European explorers. There were almost no discussion that tried to explore the nature of the spice route prior to the contact with the Mainland Asia and the European. Including in the Maluku Archipelago. This paper discuss the formation process of the spice trade system in the prehistoric period and early historic period in Maluku from the archaeological perspective. The approach that has been adopted in this research is bibliographical studies. This paper found that the trade system and exchange in Maluku has been initiated since the prehistoric period as has been highlighted by the arcaheological studies in the region.

 

Jalur rempah kembali menjadi salah satu isu yang mengemuka dalam diskusi sejarah budaya Nusantara setahun terakhir. Dimana wacana yang mengemuka umumnya masih mengamati keberadaan jalur rempah sebagai jejaring yang dibentuk oleh sejarah kontak dan interaksi dengan para penjelajah dari Asia Barat; Tiongkok dan terutama para pendatang Eropa. Hampir tak ada diskusi yang mencoba mengamati kemungkinan tumbuh kembang jalur niaga ini di era yang jauh lebih awal. Termasuk di Kepulauan Maluku. Makalah ini mencoba mengamati proses pembentukan jaringan niaga dan perdagangan rempah serta aneka komoditi eksotik di masa prasejarah dan awal sejarah di Kepulauan Maluku dari sudut pandang studi arkeologi.  Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah kajian pustaka. Hasil kajian menemukan bahwa jaringan niaga dan pertukaran di Maluku telah dibentuk semenjak masa prasejarah sebagaimana ditunjukkan oleh ragam hasil penelitian arkeologi.


http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/kapata.v13i1.388

Keywords


Jalur Rempah, Arkeologi, Maluku

   

Full Text:


PDF
      

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 1317 | PDF views: 1105 | Total views: 2422
    Crowdsourcing

References


Ballard, C. (1988). Dudumahan: a rock art site on Kai Kecil, Southeast Mollucas. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association, 8, 139-161.

Barraud, C. (1979). Tanebar Evav: Une Societe de maisons tournee vers le large. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bellwood, Peter. 2000. Prasejarah kepulauan Indo-Malaysia. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Birdsell, J.B. (1977). The recalibration of a paradigm for the first peopling of Greater Australia. In J. Allen, J. Golson, & R. Jones (Ed.), Sunda and Sahul (pp. 113-167).

De Jonge, N., & van Dijk, T. (1995). Forgotten Islands of Indonesia: The Art and Culture of the Southeast Mollucas. Singapore: Periplus.

Lape, P. V. (2000). Contact and Conflict in the Banda Islands, Eastern Indonesia, 11th to 17th Centuries. Brown University.

O’Connor, S., Spriggs, M. Veth, P. (2005). The Aru Island in Perspective dalam O’Connor, Sue et.al. The Archaeology of the Aru Island. Canberra: Pandanus Books.

Ririmasse, M. (2011). Laut untuk Semua: Materialisasi Budaya Bahari di Kepulauan Maluku Tenggara. Evaluasi Hasil Penelitian Arkeologi 2011. Jakarta: Pusat Arkeologi Nasional.

Ririmasse, M. (2010). Arkeologi Pulau-Pulau Terdepan di Maluku: Sebuah Tinjauan Awal. Kapata Arkeologi 6(10), 71-89.

Ririmasse, M. (2008). Visualisasi Tema Perahu dalam Rekayasa Situs Arkeologi di Maluku. Naditira Widya 2(1), 142-158.

Spriggs, M, O’Connor, S., & Veth, P. (2005). The Aru Island in Perspective. In O’Connor, Sue et.al, The Archaeology of the Aru Island. Canberra: Pandanus Books.

Straks, K., & Latinis, K. (1992). Research Report: The Archaeology of Sago Economies in the Central Maluku. Cakalele: Maluku Research Journal 3, 69-86.

Swadling, P. (1996). Plumes From Paradise: Trade Cycles in Outer Southeast Asia and Their Impact on New Guinea and Nearby Islands Until 1920. Port Moresby: Papua New Guinean National Museum in association with Robert Brown and Associates.

Tanudirdjo, D. A. (2005). The Dispersal of Austronesian-speaking People and The Ethnogenesis of Indonesian People. In Austronesian Diaspora and the Ethnogeneses of People in Indonesian Achipelago. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Tanudirdjo, D. A. (2010). Interaksi Regional dan Cikal Bakal Perdagangan Internasional di Maluku. Seminar Nasional Sail Banda 2010. Ambon: Balai Arkeologi Ambon.

Wallace, A. R. (1869). The Malay Archipelago: The Land of Orang-Utan and the Bird of Paradise: a Narrative of Travel, with studies of Man and Nature. London: MacMillan.

Wang, G. W. (1959). The Nan Hai Trade. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, XXXI(182).


Article Metrics

Abstract views: 1317 | PDF views: 1105 | Total views: 2422

Copyright (c) 2017 Kapata Arkeologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Copyright of Kapata Arkeologi (e-ISSN 2503-0876 p-ISSN 1858-4101). Powered by OJS. ©Designed by Mujabuddawat.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats