Kaimear Island Rock Art Site at Kur Island in West Kei Islands Region, A New Discovery in Eastern Indonesia

Wuri Handoko, Godlief Arsthen Peseletehaha, Andrew Huwae, Tofan Gayum Rumaf


Abstract


Situs Rock art di Pulau Kaimear, Kepulauan Kur yang berada di kawasan Kepulauan Kei adalah temuan situs rock art terbaru, dan untuk pertama kalinya dicatat dan dilaporkan oleh Tim Penelitian Balai Arkeologi Maluku pada tahun 2018. Situs rock art di Pulau Kaimear sebelumnya tidak pernah dicatat dan dilaporkan oleh arkeolog di dunia. Temuan rock art Kaimear menambah deretan sejumlah rock art di Kepulauan Maluku yang sebelumnya dilaporkan oleh para arkeolog dari negara luar. Penelitian ini merupakan publikasi terkini terkait dengan penemuan lokasi situs rock art baru di wilayah Maluku. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif berdasarkan penelitian arkeologi melalui survei dan observasi didukung oleh studi pustaka. Penelitian ini juga bersifat penelitian eskploratif yang menindaklanjuti informasi dari masyarakat lokal. Pengumpulan data penelitian ini dengan cara mengambil gambar sejumlah panel rock art dan catatan lapangan yang berisi deskripsi singkat. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, rock art di Pulau Kaimear termasuk temuan rock art yang masif, dengan jumlah gambar diperkirakan mencapai 400-500 motif gambar pada satu lokasi ceruk tebing cadas yang terjal. Selain bentuk figur manusia dalam berbagai variasi gaya, juga ditemukan bentuk hand stencil, foot stencil, perahu, hewan, lingkaran, dan masih banyak jenis gambar-gambar lain yang belum teridentifikasi. Hasil penelitian cukup menunjukkan pentingnya temuan situs ini, maka perlu ditindaklanjuti penelitian yang lebih sistematis dan intensif guna menunjang upaya pelestarian situs di masa yang akan datang.

The Rock art site on Kaimear Island, the Kur Islands in the Kei Islands region was for the first time recorded and reported by the Balai Arkeologi Maluku Research Team in 2018. Archaeologists have never recorded and reported any rock art site on Kaimear Island before. The discovery of Kaimear's rock art adds to the rock art sites in Maluku, which were previously reported by archaeologists from outside the country. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach based on archaeological research through surveys and observations supported by literature studies. It is also exploratory research that follows up information from local communities. Data collection for this study consisted of taking images of a number of rock art panels and field notes containing a brief description. Rock art on Kaimear Island includes many panels of rock art, with the number of images estimated at 400-500 patterns in a steep rocky niche location. In addition to human figure shapes in various styles, there are also hand stencils, foot stencils, boats, animals, circles, and many other unidentified images. The results of the study establish the importance of the discovery of this site, and that it is necessary to follow up with more systematic and intensive research to support the preservation of the site in the future.


http://dx.doi.org/10.24832/kapata.v14i2.531

Keywords


rock art; prehistoric; Kaimear; Kei Islands; Maluku

   

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